J. Aust. Math. Soc.  82 (2007), 209-220
On the square root of the centre of the Hecke algebra of type A

Andrew Francis
  School of Computing and Mathematics
  University of Western Sydney
  NSW 1797
Lenny Jones
  Department of Mathematics
  Shippensburg University

In this paper we investigate non-central elements of the Iwahori-Hecke algebra of the symmetric group whose squares are central. In particular, we describe a commutative subalgebra generated by certain non-central square roots of central elements, and the generic existence of a rank-three submodule of the Hecke algebra contained in the square root of the centre, but not in the centre. The generators for this commutative subalgebra include the longest word and elements related to trivial and sign characters of the Hecke algebra. We find elegant expressions for the squares of such generators in terms of both the minimal basis of the centre and the elementary symmetric functions of Murphy elements.
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